Submission Guidelines

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Article Types

Original Research

Original Articles report research in health sciences education. Generally, the text is limited to 4000 words, with no more than a total of 3 tables and/or figures and generally no more than 50 references. Some manuscripts take more words and/or references (e.g. multiple studies, complicated methodology), others less. Please make your manuscript as concise as possible.

Original articles should be structured following the IMRaD style:

Introduction: Introduces the problem, discusses relevant research and literature, and includes arguments as to how the research could contribute to the scholarship of medical education. The introduction should include a coherent conceptual orientation for the work, and enough background to give readers the sense of a thoughtful identification of a core topic, an analysis of what is and is not known about it, and proposals to fill a clearly identified gap in the literature.

Authors are advised to read the following publication on writing an introduction: Joining a conversation: Lingard, 2015,4(5):252-3.

Methods: Includes justification for the methods used in the study, with a description which is clear enough to be replicated by other researchers or with a clear indication of the rigor of the research process for qualitative work. Information on the ethical approval should be included.

Results: Principal findings presented clearly and succinctly, with appropriate use of tables and figures.

Discussion: Includes a statement of the principal findings; description of what this paper adds to extant literature; strengths and weaknesses of the study; strengths and weaknesses in relation to other studies, discussing important differences in results; meaning of the study, both theoretical and practical, with possible explanations and implications for clinicians and policymakers; unanswered questions and future research. Authors are advised to read the following publications on writing a discussion and limitation section:
Does your discussion realize its potential: Lingard, 2017,6(5):344-6.

The art of limitations: Lingard, 2015,4(3):136-7.

The manuscript must include:

  • A structured abstract of no more than 250 words. For abstracts of original articles please provide the following headings: Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion (IMRaD). The abstract should be complete and accurate, but not unnecessarily long. The abstract should be written in the past tense.

This section is peer reviewed.

Eye Opener

Eye Openers can have different formats. They can present a particular perspective on an educational topic, including a critical review of the topic. Eye openers can also introduce a new idea of relevance for health science education, such as a new research methodology that is not widely used in our domain. Only papers that are relevant for a larger readership and that offer a critical and/or innovative perspective on a topic will be considered for publication. Generally, the text is limited to 4000 words, with no more than a total of 3 tables and/or figures and generally no more than 50 references. Some manuscripts take more words and/or references (e.g. multiple studies, complicated methodology), others less. Please try to make your manuscript as concise as possible.

The manuscript must include an abstract of no more than 250 words.

This section is peer reviewed.

Reviews

Review Articles synthesize the literature on a topic of importance for healthcare education. Perspectives welcomes review types of all kinds (e.g., systematic, realist, scoping, metanarrative). When selecting a review type, please describe why the particular review type has been selected and when available please adhere to available reporting guidelines (e.g., PRISMA-ScR, RAMESES) to enhance reproducibility.

The text is limited to 4000 words, a maximum of a total of 3 figures and tables. Some manuscripts may take more words, others less. Please make your manuscript as concise as possible.

Review articles should be structured following the IMRaD style:

Introduction: Introduces the problem, discusses relevant research and literature, and includes arguments as to how the research could contribute to the scholarship of medical education. The introduction should include a coherent conceptual orientation for the work, and enough background to give readers the sense of a thoughtful identification of a core topic, an analysis of what is and is not known about it, and proposals to fill a clearly identified gap in the literature.

Authors are advised to read the following publication on writing an introduction: Joining a conversation: Lingard, 2015,4(5):252-3.

Methods: Includes justification for the methods used in the study, with a description which is clear enough to be replicated by other researchers or with a clear indication of the rigor of the research process for qualitative work. Information on the ethical approval should be included.

Results: Principal findings presented clearly and succinctly, with appropriate use of tables and figures.

Discussion: Includes a statement of the principal findings; description of what this paper adds to extant literature; strengths and weaknesses of the study; strengths and weaknesses in relation to other studies, discussing important differences in results; meaning of the study, both theoretical and practical, with possible explanations and implications for clinicians and policymakers; unanswered questions and future research. Authors are advised to read the following publications on writing a discussion and limitation section:
Does your discussion realize its potential: Lingard, 2017,6(5):344-6.

The art of limitations: Lingard, 2015,4(3):136-7.

The manuscript must include:

  • A structured abstract of no more than 250 words. For abstracts of original articles please provide the following headings: Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion (IMRaD). The abstract should be complete and accurate, but not unnecessarily long. The abstract should be written in the past tense.

This section is peer reviewed.

Replication Studies

Replication Studies report the replication of a previously published study. They should include why the study was replicated, any deviations from the original methods, and what the outcomes were. Furthermore, the authors should critically reflect on any differences (e.g. context, methods, outcomes) between the original study and the replication study.

The text is limited to 4000 words, a maximum of a total of 5 figures and tables. Some manuscripts may take more words, others less. Please make your manuscript as concise as possible.

Replication studies should be structured following the IMRaD style:

Introduction: Introduces the problem, discusses relevant research and literature, and includes arguments as to how the research could contribute to the scholarship of medical education. The introduction should include a coherent conceptual orientation for the work, and enough background to give readers the sense of a thoughtful identification of a core topic, an analysis of what is and is not known about it, and proposals to fill a clearly identified gap in the literature.

Authors are advised to read the following publication on writing an introduction: Joining a conversation: Lingard, 2015,4(5):252-3.

Methods: Includes justification for the methods used in the study, with a description which is clear enough to be replicated by other researchers or with a clear indication of the rigor of the research process for qualitative work. Information on the ethical approval should be included.

Results: Principal findings presented clearly and succinctly, with appropriate use of tables and figures.

Discussion: Includes a statement of the principal findings; description of what this paper adds to extant literature; strengths and weaknesses of the study; strengths and weaknesses in relation to other studies, discussing important differences in results; meaning of the study, both theoretical and practical, with possible explanations and implications for clinicians and policymakers; unanswered questions and future research. Authors are advised to read the following publications on writing a discussion and limitation section:
Does your discussion realize its potential: Lingard, 2017,6(5):344-6.

The art of limitations: Lingard, 2015,4(3):136-7.

The manuscript must include:

  • A structured abstract of no more than 250 words. For abstracts of original articles please provide the following headings: Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion (IMRaD). The abstract should be complete and accurate, but not unnecessarily long. The abstract should be written in the past tense.

This section is peer reviewed.

Health Care and the Arts

Health Care and the Arts covers issues and examples from the artes liberales (humanities) in medical education and practice that are of broad interest to healthcare professionals.

The text is limited to 1500 words with a maximum of 20 references and 1 figure/table.

This section is peer reviewed.

A Qualitative Space

A Qualitative Space articles offer intermediate- to advanced-level qualitative scholars a venue for advancing new ideas about qualitative methodologies, methods, and/or techniques; debating current and historical trends in qualitative research; crafting and sharing nuanced reflections on how data collection methods should be revised or modified; reflecting on the epistemological bases of qualitative research; or arguing that some qualitative practices should end. Given the broad scope of topics that can be addressed in these submissions, authors do not need to adhere to the IMRaD style. Instead, these manuscripts should be organized to maximize clarity while also comprehensively discussing the paper’s topic.

Generally, the text is limited to 3500 words, with no more than a total of 3 tables and/or figures and generally no more than 50 references. Some manuscripts take more words and/or references, others less. Please make your manuscript as concise as possible.

This section is peer reviewed.

Show and Tell

Show and Tell introduces a novel innovation in healthcare education. Papers must describe an innovative approach for a challenge within healthcare education but must do so by acknowledging and building upon work that has come before. The manuscript should contain a background section that outlines the need for and goal of the innovation. Next, the manuscript should clarify the steps taken to develop and implement the innovation. The article should provide information to help readers appraise the innovation (e.g. evaluation data, outcomes data), so that they can determine if they would attempt to adapt the innovation to their own contexts. Finally, there should be a section where authors reflect on their innovation and engage in a critical review of their process and/or innovation. The text is limited to 2500 words with a maximum of 20 references and 2 figures/tables.

Specifically, the headings you should use in your article are:

  • Background & Need for Innovation
  • Goal of Innovation
  • Steps taken for Development and Implementation of innovation
  • Outcomes of Innovation / Evaluation of Innovation (pick one choice)
  • Critical Reflection on your process

The paper must accentuate the process by which you performed your innovation, rather than the actual outcomes. Preferably, this section should explain what conceptual frameworks or theories were used in developing your innovation more specifically, rather than just describing what you did. Also, it is important to engage in the critical reflection on the successes and pitfalls you encountered to help others seeking to do something similar to understand when undertaking a similar process.

This section is peer reviewed.

Take Two

Perspectives on Medical Education welcomes the submission of manuscripts previously reviewed and rejected from other journals*. Such manuscripts should be submitted via the online system. When submitting manuscripts to Take Two, authors must upload the following materials:

  • A copy of the complete previous reviews with the name of the journal
  • A table that clearly describes how each of the reviewers’ comments were addressed and where the change can be found in the revised manuscript (Note, if the authors disagree with a reviewer comment, they should describe their rationale in the table)
  • A clean version of the revised manuscript
  • The revised manuscript with track changes indicating all changes

The journal reserves the right to contact the journal that previously reviewed the manuscript.

*Take Two is based on the “Fast Track” option presented in Norman, G. Adv Health Sci Educ. 2018;23:1. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10459-018-9810-9

This section is peer reviewed.

Commentary

Statistical Points and Pitfalls

Author Guidelines

Submissions should be made electronically through this website. Once submitted, the author can track the submission and communicate with the editors via the online journal management system.

Please ensure that you consider the following guidelines when preparing your manuscript. Failure to do so may delay processing your submission.

 

Structure

Title page

The title page should contain the following information:

  1. Article title.
    Concise titles are easier to read than long, convoluted ones. Titles that are too short may, however, may lack important information, such as study design (which is particularly important in finding articles for literature reviews). Authors should include all information in the title that will make electronic retrieval of the article both sensitive and specific.
    Authors are advised to read the following Bonfire Red Titles on writing a strong title by Lingard, 2016;5(3):179-81.
  2. For each author, include full name, role, department, institution, city, country, Twitter handle (if available), ORCID.
    Ex: Lauren A. Maggio is Professor in the Department of Medicine at Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences in Bethesda, Maryland, USA. @LaurenMaggio ORCID: http://orcid.org/ 0000-0002-2997-6133
    Note: For an individual to be credited as an author they must satisfy all four of the International Committee on Medical Journal Editors criteria for authorship.
  3. The corresponding author’s name, mailing address, and email address. The corresponding author should be aware that their email address can be published or state that no such permission will be granted.
  4. Source(s) of funding support (e.g., grant funding).
  5. Word counts of the text only (excluding abstract, acknowledgments, tables, figure legends, and references), and of the abstract.
  6. The number of figures and tables.

Abstract
All articles must have the main text prefaced by an abstract of no more than 250 words. The abstract will be structured depending on the publication type of the submitted article. For example, all original research articles must include an abstract formatted to include an introduction, methods, results and discussion (IMRaD format). The abstract must have the heading ‘Abstract’ and be easily identified from the start of the main text.

The Abstract should also be added to the metadata when making the initial online submission.

Main text
The body of the submission should be structured depending on the publication type of the submission.

Up to three level headings may be present and must be clearly identifiable using different font sizes, bold or italics. We suggest using Headings 1, 2 and 3 in MS-Word’s ‘Style’ section.

Data Accessibility
If data, structured methods or code used in the research project have been made openly available, a statement should be added to inform the reader how/where to access these files. This should include the repository location and the DOI linking to it. Read our reproducibility guide for more information on best practice and maximising the impact of your open data.

If it is not possible to use a repository then the journal can host supplementary files. Such files must be listed in the Data Accessibility section, with a corresponding number, title and optional description. Ideally, the supplementary files are also cited in the main text.

e.g. Supplementary file 1: Appendix. Scientific data related to the experiments.

Supplementary files will not be typeset so they must be provided in their final form and must be submitted for review during the original submission process. They will be assigned a DOI and linked to from the publication by the publisher.

NOTE: If data used in the research project has not been made available, a statement confirming this should be added, along with reasoning why.

The journal's data policy is available on the Editorial Policies page.

Ethics and consent (if applicable)
Research involving human subjects, human material, or human data, must have been performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Where applicable, studies must have been approved by an appropriate ethics committee and the authors should include a statement within the article text detailing this approval, including the name of the ethics committee and reference number of the approval. The identity of the research subject(s) should be anonymised whenever possible. For research involving human subjects, informed consent to participate in the study must be obtained from participants (or their legal guardian) and added to this statement. If a study involving human subjects/tissue/data was exempt from requiring ethical approval, a confirmation statement from the relevant body should be included within the submission.

Experiments using animals must follow national standards of care. For further information, click here.

Acknowledgements (optional)
Any acknowledgements must be headed and in a separate paragraph, placed after the main text but before the reference list. Please ensure that all individuals mentioned in the Acknowledgements section have given permission to be included.

Funding Information (if applicable)
Should the research have received a funding grant then the grant provider and grant number should be detailed.

Competing interests
If any of the authors have any competing interests then these must be declared. A short paragraph should be placed before the references. Guidelines for competing interests can be found here. If there are no competing interests to declare then the following statement should be present: The author(s) has/have no competing interests to declare.

References
All references cited within the submission must be listed at the end of the main text file.

 

Permissions

The author is responsible for obtaining all permissions required prior to submission of the manuscript. Permission and owner details should be mentioned for all third-party content included in the submission or used in the research.

If a method or tool is introduced in the study, including software, questionnaires, and scales, the license this is available under and any requirement for permission for use should be stated. If an existing method or tool is used in the research, it is the author's responsibility to check the license and obtain the necessary permissions. Statements confirming that permission was granted should be included in the Materials and Methods section.

 

Language & Text

Capitalisation
For the submission title:

Capitalise all nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs and subordinate conjunctions (i.e. as, because, although). Use lowercase for all articles, coordinate conjunctions and prepositions.

  • Slip-Sliding on a Yellow Brick Road: Stabilization Efforts in Afghanistan

Headings within the main text:

First level headings in the text should follow the same rule as the main title.

For lower-level subheadings, only capitalise first letter and proper nouns.

Headings should be under 75 characters.

Spelling
Submissions must be made in English. Authors are welcome to use American or British spellings as long as they are used consistently throughout the whole of the submission.

  • Colour (UK) vs. Color (US)

When referring to proper nouns and normal institutional titles, the official, original spelling must be used.

  • World Health Organization, not World Health Organisation

Grammar
American or English grammar rules may be used as long as they are used consistently and match the spelling format (see above). For instance, you may use a serial comma or not.

  • red, white, and blue OR red, white and blue

Font
The font used should be commonly available and in an easily readable size. This may be changed during the typesetting process.

Underlined text should be avoided whenever possible.

Bold or italicised text to emphasise a point are permitted, although should be restricted to minimal occurrences to maximise their efficiency.

Lists
Use bullet points to denote a list without hierarchy or order of value. If the list indicates a specific sequence then a numbered list must be used.

Lists should be used sparingly to maximise their impact.

Quotation marks
Use single quotation marks except for quotes within another speech, in which case double quotation marks are used.

Quotations that are longer than four lines in length must be in an indented paragraph separate from the main text.

The standard, non-italicised font must be used for all quotes.

It must be clear from the text and/or citation where the quote is sourced. If quoting a significant amount of material that is under copyright then permission will need to be obtained from the copyright holder.

Acronyms & Abbreviations
With abbreviations, the crucial goal is to ensure that the reader – particularly one who may not be fully familiar with the topic or context being addressed – is able to follow along. Spell out almost all acronyms on first use, indicating the acronym in parentheses immediately thereafter. Use the acronym for all subsequent references.

  • Research completed by the World Health Organization (WHO) shows …

A number of abbreviations are so common that they do not require the full text on the first instance. Examples of these can be found here.

Abbreviations should usually be in capital letters without full stops.

  • USA, not U.S.A

Common examples from Latin origin do not follow this rule and should be lower case and can include full stops.

  • e.g., i.e., etc.
 

Data & Symbols

Symbols
Symbols are permitted within the main text and datasets as long as they are commonly in use or have explanatory definition on their first usage.

Hyphenation, em and en dashes
There is no set rule on the use of hyphenation between words, as long as they are consistently used.

Em dashes should be used sparingly. If they are present, they should denote emphasis, change of thought or interruption to the main sentence and can replace commas, parentheses, colons or semicolons.

  • The president’s niece—daughter of his younger brother—caused a media scandal when…

En dashes can be used to replace ‘to’ when indicating a range. No space should surround the dash.

  • 10-25 years
  • pp. 10-65

Numbers
For numbers zero to nine please spell the whole words. Please use figures for numbers 10 or higher.

We are happy for authors to use either words or figures to represent large whole figures (i.e. one million or 1,000,000) as long as the usage is consistent throughout the text.

If the sentence includes a series of numbers then figures must be used in each instance.

  • Artefacts were found at depths of 5, 9, and 29 cm.

If the number appears as part of a dataset, in conjunction with a symbol or as part of a table then the figure must be used.

  • This study confirmed that 5% of…

If a sentence starts with a number it must be spelt, or the sentence should be re-written so that it no longer starts with the number.

  • Fifteen examples were found to exist…
  • The result showed that 15 examples existed…

Do not use a comma for a decimal place.

  • 2.43 NOT 2,43

Numbers that are less than zero must have ‘0’ precede the decimal point.

  • 0.24 NOT .24

Units of measurement
Symbols following a figure to denote a unit of measurement must be taken from the latest SI brochure. See http://www.bipm.org/utils/common/pdf/si_brochure_8_en.pdf for the full brochure.

Formula
Formulae must be proofed carefully by the author. Editors will not edit formulae. If special software has been used to create formulae, the way it is laid out is the way they will appear in the publication.

 

Figures & Tables

Figures
Figures, including graphs and diagrams, must be professionally and clearly presented. If a figure is not easy to understand or does not appear to be of a suitable quality, the editor may ask to re-render or omit it.

All figures must be cited within the main text, in consecutive order using Arabic numerals (e.g. Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.).

Each figure must have an accompanying descriptive main title. This should clearly and concisely summarise the content and/or use of the figure image. A short additional figure legend is optional to offer a further description.

  • Figure 1: 1685 map of London.
  • Figure 1: 1685 map of London. Note the addition of St Paul’s Cathedral, absent from earlier maps.

Figure titles and legends should be placed within the text document, either after the paragraph of their first citation, or as a list after the references.

The source of the image should be included, along with any relevant copyright information and a statement of authorisation (if needed).

  • Figure 1: Firemen try to free workers buried under piles of concrete and metal girders. Photo: Claude-Michel Masson. Reproduced with permission of the photographer.

If your figure file includes text then please present the font as Ariel, Helvetica, or Verdana. This will mean that it matches the typeset text.

NOTE: All figures must be uploaded separately as supplementary files during the submission process, if possible in colour and at a resolution of at least 300dpi. Each file should not be more than 20MB. Standard formats accepted are: JPG, TIFF, GIF, PNG, EPS. For line drawings, please provide the original vector file (e.g. .ai, or .eps).

Tables
Tables must be created using a word processor's table function, not tabbed text.

Tables should be included in the manuscript. The final layout will place the tables as close to their first citation as possible.

All tables must be cited within the main text, and numbered with Arabic numerals in consecutive order (e.g. Table 1, Table 2, etc.).

Each table must have an accompanying descriptive title. This should clearly and concisely summarise the content and/or use of the table. A short additional table legend is optional to offer a further description of the table. The table title and legend should be placed above the table.

Tables should not include:

  • Rotated text
  • Colour to denote meaning (it will not display the same on all devices)
  • Images
  • Vertical or diagonal lines
  • Multiple parts (e.g. ‘Table 1a’ and ‘Table 1b’). These should either be merged into one table, or separated into ‘Table 1’ and ‘Table 2’.

NOTE: If there are more columns than can fit on a single page, then the table will be placed horizontally on the page. If it still can't fit horizontally on a page, the table will be broken into two.

 

References

Numeric in-text citations
Every use of information from other sources must be cited in the text so that it is clear that external material has been used. Each time a reference is being cited it should be represented by sequential numbers held within square brackets, within punctuation. Each citation should be a unique number unless it has been previously cited. In such cases, the original citation number should be presented. The reference list at the end of the publication will reflect this numbered list, with full reference data for each entry.

  • This is citing an existing source [1].

If citing multiple sources at the same point, separate the citations with a comma.

  • This is citing multiple existing sources [2,3].
  • This is citing even more multiple existing sources [4-8].


Reference list

All citations must be listed at the end of the text file, in numerical order.

NOTE: DOIs should be included for all reference entries, where possible.


Reference format

This journal uses the Vancouver system – see below for examples of how to format:

  • Books:

Author AA, Author BB. Title. Place of publication: Publisher; Year. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/xx.xxxxxxxx
Leaver BL, Ehrman M, Shekhtman, B. Achieving success in second language acquisition. Cambridge; Cambridge University Press; 2005.

  • Chapters within books:

Author AA. Chapter title. In: Editor A, Editor B (eds.) Title of book. Series title and number and edition (if appropriate). Place of publication: Publisher; Year. Page numbers. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/xx.xxxxxxxx
Jacobs GM, Hall S. Implementing cooperative learning. In Richards JC & Renandya WA (Eds.) Methodology in language teaching: An anthology of current practice. Cambridge; Cambridge University Press. 2002. pp. 52-58.

  • Journal articles:

Author AA, Author BB. Article title. Journal title (using NLM abbreviation as available). Year; Volume(issue): Pages. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/xx.xxxxxxxx

Young M. The utility of failure: a taxonomy for research and scholarship. Perspect Med Educ. 2019;8(6):365-71. DOI: 10.1007/s40037-019-00551-6

Chou CL, Kalet A, Costa MJ, Cleland J, Winston K. Guidelines: The dos, don’t and don’t knows of remediation in medical education. Perspect Med Educ. 2019;8(6):322-38. DOI: 10.1007/s40037-019-00544-5

If there are 6 or more authors, please list the first three authors followed by et. al.

Maggio LA, Thomas L, Chen HC, et al. Examining the readinesss of best evidence in medical education guides for integration into educational practice: a meta-synthesis. Perspect Med Educ. 2018;7(7):292-301. DOI: 10.1007/s40037-018-0450-9

  • Newspaper articles (online):

Author A. Article title. Newspaper. Day Month Year of publication. URL (assessed day month year).
McMahon S. Fund new Victorian era. Herald Sun. (19 July 2010). http://www.heraldsun.com.au/ (assessed 02 March 2012).

  • Newspaper articles (print):

Author A. Article title. Newspaper. Day month year of publication: page number.
Parker K. Plea for languages. Koori Mail, 3 December 2008: 19-20.

  • Conference papers:

Author A. Title of paper. In: Editor AA, Editor BB. (eds.) Conference proceedings title, Place of publication: Publisher; Year. Page numbers.
Wittke M. Design, construction, supervision and long-term behaviour of tunnels in swelling rock. In: Van Cotthem A, Charlier R, Thimus JF, Tshibangu JP. (eds.) Eurock2006: multiphysics coupling and long term behaviour in rock mechanics: proceedings of the International Symposium of the International Society for Rock Mechanics, EUROCK2006, 9-12 May 2006, Liège, Belgium. London: Taylor & Francis; 2006. 125-156.

  • Organisational publications/Grey literature:

Organisation. Title. Series/publication number. Place of publication: Publisher; Year. Retrieved from (if online).
Department of Health. Choosing Health: making healthier choices easier, CM6374. London: Stationery Office; 2001.

  • Theses and dissertations:

Author AA. Thesis title. Type of thesis. Academic institution; Year. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/xx.xxxxxxxx
Murray BP. Prior knowledge, two teaching approaches for metacognition: Main idea and summarization strategies in reading. PhD thesis. Fordham University, New York. 2008.

  • Webpages / PDFs:

Author AA. Title of work. URL (accessed date month year).
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Australia's health 2004. http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10014 (accessed 20 May 2013).

Submission Preparation Checklist

  1. The author(s) agree to the payment terms detailed on the journal website, which will be applied if this submission is accepted for publication by the journal. Any waiver request must be made at the time of submission in the cover letter to the editor (below). Unless a waiver is granted, in writing, by the journal then the author(s) accepts that an Article Processing Charge (APC) will be invoiced post-acceptant.
  2. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  3. All third-party-owned materials used have been identified with appropriate credit lines, and permission has been obtained from the copyright holder for all formats of the journal. Authors acknowledge their responsibility to gain all permissions prior to submission.
  4. All authors qualify as authors, as defined in the authorship guidelines, and have given permission to be listed on the submitted paper.
  5. Research has been approved by an appropriate ethics committee and in adherence to the legal requirements of the study country, with the name of the committee and reference number of approval included within the submitted file. Otherwise, a statement that ethics approval was not required has been added to the file.
  6. All funding statements and acknowledgements have been added to the manuscript.
  7. All patients included within case reports or other article types in which an individual or a group of individuals can be identified have signed informed consent forms, or had had their legal guardian do so, giving permission to publish the submitted content under a CC-BY licence.
  8. The corresponding author is submitting an ORCID identifier in their author data and co-authors have been recommended to also provide an ORCID, as per the journal policy.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms. If a submission is rejected or withdrawn prior to publication, all rights return to the author(s):

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).

Should any author(s) require that the published article deviate from the above (e.g. copyright needs to reside with your employer or an alternative license is required - e.g. authors who are Crown employees), you must add this request to your cover letter to the editor. The submitting author is responsible for requesting (and following up) this deviation from the standard licensing agreement. All deviations from the above must be agreed in writing as early as possible in the submission process and must be in place before the article is sent for typesetting.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

Publication Fees

SectionAPC
Take Two£937.00
Health Care and the Arts£937.00
Replication Studies£937.00
Reviews£937.00
Original Research£937.00
Show and Tell£937.00
A Qualitative Space£937.00
Commentary£937.00
Eye Opener£937.00
Statistical Points and Pitfalls£937.00

Authors of articles accepted for publication will be asked to pay an Article Processing Charge (APC) to cover publication costs. This can normally be sourced from your funder or institution. This fee covers all publication costs (editorial processes; web hosting; indexing; marketing; archiving; DOI registration etc.) and ensures that all of the content is fully open access. It also includes a waiver fee that goes toward our waiver fund (full details below). This approach maximises the potential readership of publications and allows the journal to be run in a sustainable way.

We offer a discount of 64 GBP to articles submitted by first authors who are members of Netherlands association of Medical Education (NVMO).

Many institutions have funds available to support open access publications by their staff, therefore we ask that you contact the relevant body to cover the APC.

If you do not know about your institution’s policy on open access funding, please contact your departmental/faculty administrators and institution library, as funds may be available to you.

If you have not requested an APC waiver or discount upon submission in your cover letter, you will be invoiced for the full APC upon publication of your article. See below for more information about the journal's waiver policy.

Waiver Information

If you would like to request an Article Processing Charge (APC) discount or waiver, this must be detailed in the cover letter during submission. All requests for waivers will be reviewed and decided separately. Waivers will only be considered if the first author is from Lower-Middle-Income Countries (LMIC) as defined by the World Bank. A list can be found here.

We offer a discount of 64 GBP to articles submitted by first authors who are members of Netherlands association of Medical Education (NVMO).

While the journal does have a generous waiver policy, a request for an APC discount or waiver does not guarantee that this will be approved. Authors should confirm via email if a waiver for their submission has been approved.